why are language policies necessary?

These reserves are, for the most part, in remote and barren areas where poverty, malnutrition, and mortality are worse than in the cities. They did not win the right to be taught in Afrikaans until 1925, since which time English and Afrikaans have been officially on equal footing. Some think that if blacks come to power in South Africa, Nguni and Sotho are likely to become official languages along with English. HR policies are needed because every individual has a different opinion on all things. Enlightened policy is needed in the area of language as well as in all other aspects of political life. Enlightened policy is needed in the area of language as well as in all other aspects of political life. Having a blanket English-only rule, like saying workers can never speak any other language anywhere at work, is likely to get a business in trouble with the EEOC should a discriminatory issue arise. In addition, as tribal groups have traditionally been defined by language, the homelands separate blacks linguistically, thus limiting their contact with people from other groups. Firstly, let’s define policy and procedures. However, if you want to venture beyond such places, to get to know the locals, to read signs, menus, etc, knowing the local language is necessary. An English-only rule should be limited to the circumstances in which it is needed for the employer to operate safely or efficiently. Informed Workplace, with Lisa Yankowitz, provides many micro video lessons through The BizLibrary Collection that keep Human Resources professionals trained and up-to-date on HR laws and compliance issues like discrimination in the workplace. | Donor Privacy Policy | EIN: 23-7182593, 6-1 Poisons and Peripheral People: Industrial Hazards, Language Policy and Oppression in South Africa, Cultural Survival E-Newsletter - News and Updates, Information on conferences, meetings and global events pertaining to Indigenous Peoples, Learn about Cultural Survival's response to Covid-19. Like family studies, because the media determine much of our cultural diet and weave part of the fabric of our lives. LinkedIn continues with an explanation of the types of cookies it uses and why: So including some of the background and reasoning behind the changes can help them see why it’s necessary to update the policy. Enjoy a 1-minute preview of “Can You Require Employees To Speak English?” here: We hope you enjoy this 1-minute preview. BizLibrary is a leading provider of online learning for growing organizations. First, they saw the "divide-and-conquer" motive behind this plan. Ninety-nine percent have chosen English. Those that already have one can ensure that they’re staying on the right side of the fine line by keeping all supervisors and employees informed of why the policy is in place and how it should be handled. South Africa is a multi-lingual society that has some unique linguistic problems because of its policy of apartheid. Circumstances in which an English-only rule may be justified include: communications with customers or coworkers who only speak English; emergencies or other situations in which workers must speak a common language to promote safety; cooperative work assignments in which the English-only rule is needed to promote efficiency. Written policies can prevent chaos, confusion, and legal problems. Your workplace policies help you build a lawful and pleasant workplace where your employees can thrive. Cultural Survival advocates for Indigenous Peoples' rights and supports Indigenous communities’ self-determination, cultures and political resilience, since 1972. The situation in South Africa gives a twist of irony to the problem of education in the vernaculars. 2. Businesses of all shapes and sizes have been caught off guard by Facebook, Twitter and social gaming – an obvious reason to consider an Internet or Computer usage policy, but there are many others… Once you've determined a policy is necessary, document in writing your goals for creating the policy. For example, a staff recruitment policy could involve the … Hey there. There are newspapers and a literature in many Bantu languages. In 1955, a policy of teaching in both English and Afrikaans on a 50-50 basis in the secondary schools was adopted. They fear the government may use it to prevent students from staging strikes that have become a useful political tool. Their use skyrocketed after 2002’s No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) mandated annual testing in all 50 states. The revolt touched almost every city and village in South Africa that year, reaching far beyond the language issue. Like science and technology, because the media help us to learn technology by adopting the leading edge of modern technological innovation. “A rule requiring employees to speak only English at all times on the job can violate the law, if it has been adopted for a discriminatory reason, or if it is not uniformly enforced, or if it is not necessary for conducting business.”. It is important for all individuals within a healthcare organization to be involved in the development and implementation of policies and procedures and to have an understanding of what they are and how they are used. Protest began at that school and swelled over a period of months to the other schools, with the support of teachers, parents, and students. But the more sophisticated realize they are losing a chance to influence blacks through Afrikaner media. Of course, no school wants to encourage students who are sick to attend school, lest they infect others. It is represented by the art, literature, language, and religion of the individuals who form it. And even if your school does not have a full immersion program, you can make a difference for your students by doing some immersion work in your class. Our monthly newsletter is packed with so many insights and strategies that some would even call it "legit.". This website uses cookies that are necessary to deliver an enjoyable experience. Finally, due to lack of funds (the government currently spends $1075 a year on each white student and $114 on each black child, the average student:teacher ratio is 60:1, forcing teachers to resort to teaching methods that allow for little individual attention. A rule requiring employees to speak only English in the workplace at all times, including breaks and lunch time, will rarely be justified. Coloreds, a mixed-race group, have traditionally been Dutch/Afrikaans speakers and helped shape the language, but many are now switching to English in sympathy with blacks. English, however, still holds greater prestige in finance and education. There is no danger of black languages being lost. There’s no question that unrestricted multilingualism is inefficient and can prevent important interactions from taking place and get in the way of achieving key goals. Discrimination lawsuits don’t come cheap – the EEOC has had several large successes in the past, such as a 2001 settlement for $2.44 million involving 18 Hispanic housekeepers who were required to speak English at all times. If you are anything like me and the millions of students who've gone through the American public school system, learning a foreign language is nothing short of a joke. Article copyright Cultural Survival, Inc. Our website houses close to five decades of content and publishing. You should employ a translator to translate the most important documents in the office. That way, there is no ambiguity. Language and politics are very much intertwined in South Africa, as they are everywhere. Neglecting to make all employees aware of the language policy and making an adverse employment decision based on an employee’s national origin can land a business in deep water with the courts. A popular stereotype of Americans traveling abroad is the tourist who is at a loss when it comes to coping with any language other than English. Language policies should be state-by-state, not national. Although there is a strong motivation for blacks to learn English, this is a matter of practicality rather than loyalty. Is a P&P manual a must? Theyr… The policies in the handbook may well be subject to change. There should be no official national language. Adult Learning Theory and Its Importance in Employee Training, BizLibrary and Meridian Digital Marketing Partnership Brings Modern Learning Content to Organizations, 5 Ways to Build Camaraderie on Remote Teams, Q&A: What It Looks Like to Empower the LGBTQ+ Community in the Workplace, The Role and Responsibilities of a Human Resources Business Partner. English is an urban, international language and Afrikaans mainly a rural, national one. Photo: female parliamentary candidates in Nepal learn how to recruit volunteers, target voters and create campaign plans during an NDI workshop in Kathmandu. Blacks objected to this policy from the start. To understand this event and the language issue as it stands today, some background of the English vs. Afrikaans conflict is necessary. On 16 June, 15,000 students marched in the streets carrying banners with such slogans as "Blacks are not dustbins - Afrikaans stinks." Employees are paid for their time at work, so it’s natural to want them to use that time to complete work activities. A policy is a course of action or guidelines to be followed whereas a procedure is the ‘nitty gritty’ of the policy, outlining what has to be done to implement the policy. Distribute updated policies and procedures to employees. Include this template in your Employee Handbook. The most common reason for having a language policy is safety – to ensure everyone can effectively communicate in an unsafe or emergency situation. Totalitarianism, form of government that permits no individual freedom and seeks to subordinate all aspects of individual life to the authority of the state. Here’s how California defines a business necessity: “Business necessity is defined as ‘an overriding legitimate business purpose such that the language restriction is necessary to the safe and efficient operation of the business, that the language restriction effectively fulfills the business purpose it is supposed to serve, and there is no alternative practice to the language restriction that would accomplish the business purpose equally well with a lesser discriminatory impact.”. Over the last two decades, the rate of women’s representation in national parliaments globally has incrementally increased … Continued Often, companies will rely on internal individuals who took language courses in school or who speak a second language outside of work. Note that right in the beginning, LinkedIn informs the user that the site uses cookies, and then goes on to give an explanation of what a Cookie is. English is not being allowed, and Afrikaans is apparently not politically feasible. About 70% of South Africans speak one of the Bantu languages. 3.The new language in education policy is conceived of as an integral and necessary aspect of the new government’s strategy of building a non-racial nation in South Africa. Language and politics are very much intertwined in South Africa, as they are everywhere. Having a blanket English-only rule, like saying workers can never speak any other language anywhere at work, is likely to get a business in trouble with the EEOC should a discriminatory issue arise. There must be a justifiable business necessity behind any English-only language policy. by Katheryn Rivas. You should know that our resources for HR and L&D professionals are pretty great. In the United States, schools have policies requiring acts of discrimination to be reported to school or district administrators and to be remedied promptly. Asking students to demonstrate their understanding of the subject matter is critical to the learning process; it is essential to evaluate whether the educational goals and standards of the lessons are being met. Absolutely! policies have affected either the access of the learners to the education system or their success within it. The research is clear: Immersion programs, in which students spend at least 50 percent of their time learning in a second language, work amazingly well in developing students fluency and skills. When times are tough, learning doesn't have to be. There are several different reasons why it might be necessary. "Why is official English necessary? Some recent actions by the government might be hopeful signs. A school board there was dismissed in early February for resisting the imposition of Afrikaans. Cultural Survival envisions a future that respects and honors Indigenous Peoples' inherent rights and dynamic cultures, deeply and richly interwoven in lands, languages, spiritual traditions, and artistic expression, rooted in self-determination and self-governance. Without even knowing it, thereby infecting other students before being sent.. 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